Saturday, February 09, 2008

Melt value of US Coins

An interesting website shows the current melted metal value of US Coins. I don't know how accurate it is but it shows the penny with dates from 1909 to 1982 as being worth 2.3 cents a piece and the nickel as being worth 6.3 cents each, all other coins in use are less than the face value. Looking at silver coins the Morgan silver dollars have a melted metal value of $13.23 each.

Friday, February 08, 2008

Greene Furniture Store 1947

From The Bi-State Weekly February 7, 1947


On Saturday, February 8, a new furniture store will open its doors to the people of Delmar and community. The store is located in the Nichols’ Building on Railroad Avenue, next to “Nick’s” Restaurant, and will have on display, opening day, a full and complete line of furniture, radios, lamps, floor covering, electric appliances, and everything for the home.

The owner, J. R. Greene, of Princess Anne, Md., and his sales force has been busy this week getting the room in order arranging the furniture, and is now putting the finishing touches on in preparation for their opening day.

Mrs. Hamilton of Delmar has been secured to supervise the new business here. She is well qualified for the position and customers are assured of courteous service.

Mr. Greene is an experienced business man. He and Mrs. Greene own and operate an up-to-date furniture store in Princess Anne, and have done for the past several years, and their experience in dealing in furniture puts them in a position where they can pass on to their customers advice in selecting the right piece of furniture for the right place and at the right price.

And now folks don’t forget to visit the Greene Furniture Store on Railroad Ave. in Delmar, on Saturday February 8 and show the owners you appreciate their efforts in providing for Delmar a business the town much needs.

All who visit the store on opening day will be handed a souvenir whether or not they make a purchase.

In the April 1, 1949 Bi-State Weekly it was announced Daniel C. Culver had purchased the J. B. Greene Furniture Store and would operate it as the D. C. Culver Furniture and appliance Company

The Frank Brown Building

The Frank Brown Building - First Street - Delmar, Maryland
In the 1920’s Frank Brown had a Ford Motor Car business and garage in this building on First Street between East Street and State Street. Sometime about 1929 he went out of business and that building sit empty for a while until 1940 when it was used by a produce broker. Later in June of 1946 Luther “Luke” Mitchell started a dry cleaning and laundry plant in the Frank Brown building. The business went under the name “The Elite Cleaners”. He had previously had the Spotless Cleaners in Salisbury but in 1942 he was drafted and he had to sell the business. In the Army he was assigned to the Quarter Master Laundry Service, so the man had a lot of cleaning experience.

It is unclear at what time it happened but at some point he appears to have moved his business to the laundry (Nu Way) next to St Stephens Church on the Delaware side of town.

The Frank Brown Building stayed vacant a while and then a used future store, Furniture Plus, moved in it in the 1980’s.

It is empty again, but there was a discussion of a cabinet shop relocating to it.

Other laundry businesses at the time, in which future post will discuss them were;
In 1948 Charles Palmer had the Nu Way Cleaners on 1st Street between State and Grove and The Avenue Laundry service operated out of the Nero building on Grove Street.

1948 Ad for Elite Cleaners

Joe's Tobacco Superstore

We have another new store in Delmar, Joe's Tobacco Superstore. It is one of those stores that is in business because Maryland has taxed smokers so much they go out of state to buy tobacco products. It is located in the Delmar Commons strip shopping center (the one with WaWa). It is new and bright and has an excellent selection of cigars. If you want a $10 cigar this is the place to go. The good thing about their cigar selection is besides having a nice selection since they are new their cigars are fresh. None of those cigars you buy that has been in the showcase for a year or two and go up in flames like a cigarette because they are dried out. They have a smaller selection of the cheaper cigars I buy, also those favored cigars that are for women and kids. They have a limited selection of pipe tobacco but they do have a few pipes which most tobacco stores, since they mainly sell cigarettes, don't carry. I don't smoke cigarettes but they seem to have quite a few plus those foreign cigarettes like Dunhill. Their hours are 8 a.m. to 8 p. m. Monday to Saturday and Sunday 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.

Altho the States like to tax cigarettes and other tobacco related products because of possible health costs that fall back to the state health care system, there is also a theory that lung cancer kills people off quick, so it those old people who live forever that didn't smoke that are the true cause of increasing state related health care costs.

Bronco Charlie Miller

Bronco Charlie Miller and Pole Star, his horse

“Bronco” Charlie Miller, last surviving rider of the Pony Express, was the principal speaker at the Court of Honor of the Del-Mar-Va Council of the Boy Scouts of America in Wilmington Delaware tonight in 1938. Bronco Charlie Miller was 11 years old when he worked on the pony express. In 1931, Bronco Charlie Miller rode from New York to San Francisco on his horse, Pole Star. A well know children’s book called “Bronco Charlie and the Pony Express” is about his life.

Thursday, February 07, 2008

A look at Visas

Well it is that time of year when we will be reading in the newspaper about all the crab companies in the area and the motels and restaurants in Ocean City boo hooing over the low quota for foreign workers coming to work seasonal jobs here. I get so tire of seeing unemployment rates increasing but still these companies are hiring foreign workers. They keep saying Americans won’t take the jobs, but maybe Americans don’t want to live 15 people in a house and work for $8.50 an hour for a job that is going to last four months. Any creative company that has a labor shortage looks for ways to change the working conditions, transportation issues or working hours and work duration.

In looking at the visas there seems to about 47 different visas foreign workers or dependents of foreign workers can get to come into this country. I have them listed at the bottom of this post. The ones that prevail in this area are J-1 Student visas, and H2-A Agricultural Worker visas. The J-1 visa holders are the foreign students that work at the beach in Ocean City and Rehoboth. The H2-B visa holders work at the crab picking plants and H2-A workers at farms. In spite of the decreased American Dollar buying power I am sure we will have a flood of these workers again this year. The beach area imports about 5,000 Eastern European workers from Russia, Romania, Bulgaria, Slovakia, Poland, Lithuania, Belarus, etc. I understand these workers are frequently taken advantage of once they arrive here and it is not an infrequent thing to cheat them out of their last paycheck since they are known to be leaving the country. At the beach blog carries a link on their site to a guide for International Student workers planning to visit our beach resorts.

There is also the often heard of H1-B visa which is for skilled workers (engineers and programmers). They usually will work for 20 to 40% less than an American engineer or programmers so they are in big demand also.

The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) bars the admission of any alien who
Seeks to enter the U.S. to perform skilled or unskilled labor. The Secretary of Labor must determine that there are not sufficient U.S. workers who are able, willing, qualified, and available at the time of the alien’s application for a visa and admission to the United States and at the place where the alien is to perform such skilled or unskilled labor. The Secretary of Labor must further certify that the employment of the alien will not adversely affect the wages and working conditions of similarly employed workers in the United States. The foreign labor certification program in the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) is responsible for ensuring that foreign workers do not displace or adversely affect
Working conditions of U.S. wo
rkers. So when you are unemployed you can thank your government for first, allowing American companies to send your job to a foreign country and second, ensuring you won’t even get a temporary $8.50 an hour job with no benefits because the government allow foreign workers in to take the job. Boycott operations like Phillips Food and Seafood Restaurants.

A-1 Foreign Diplomatic Personnel A-2 Individuals in the U.S. as employees of a foreign government, e.g., ambassador, minister, diplomat, or consular officer.

Dependent of A-1/A-2 Visa Holder Immediate family members of foreign government officials. (Dependents also carry A-1/A- 2 status.)

A-3 Employee of Foreign Government Officials May be employed only by foreign government entity. Attendants, servants, or other personal employees of foreign governments officials.

B-1 Visitor for Business Individuals in the U.S. for a short time to engage in business activities such as negotiating contracts for overseas employees, consulting with business associates, attending professional conferences, or conducting independent research.

B-2 Visitor for Tourism Individuals in the U.S. for travel, tourism, or recreation.

B-2 Prospective Student or Prospective Scholar Individual who enter the U.S. indicating a clear intent to study here or to change to J-1 Exchange Visitor Status. Consulate notation on visa page indicates "Prospective" status. Individual must apply for a change of status before the expiration date on the I-94.

C-1 Aliens in Transit Individuals in transit from one country to another "stopping over" in the U.S.

D-l/D-2 Alien Crewman Crew members employed on a vessel or aircraft who are in the U.S. on "stopovers."

E-1 Treaty Trader Individuals in the U.S. to conduct trade under a treaty between their country and the U.S., and keys employees of companies trading under such a treaty.

E-2 Treaty Investor Individuals in the U.S. to develop and direct the operations of an enterprise in which they have invested substantial capital, and employees of companies making such investments. Must be based on a treaty between visa holder's country and the U.S.

F-1 Student Individuals in the U.S. engaging in a full course of academic study in an accredited educational program. May exclude elementary school, academic high school, college/university, conservatory, or language training. (Students enrolled in vocational training are given M-1 visas.)

F-2 Dependents of F-1 Visa Hol
ders Individuals in the U.S. as dependents of an F-1 visa holder.

Visa Waiver for Business (VWB) and Tourism (VWT) Individuals permitted to enter the U.S. without a visa for a stay limited to 90 days. Available only to citizens of countries designated by the U.S. State Department.

G-1 Representative of International Organization

G-2, G-3, and G-4 Individuals in the U.S. as representatives of an international organization-e.g., the United Nations and their dependents.

G-5 Personal Employee of G Visa Holders Individuals in the U.S. as personal employees of a representative of an international organization.

H-1A Registered Nurse Individuals in the U.S. to perform professional nursing services for a specific employer for a fixed period of time.

H-1B Temporary Worker in a Specialty Occupation Individuals in the U.S. to perform professional services for a sponsoring employer in a specific position for a fixed period of time. Employment authorization is granted for an initial period of up to 3 years. Extensions for an additional 3 years are possible.

H-2A Agricultural Worker Individuals in the U.S. to perform agricultural work on a temporary basis.

H-2B Skilled or Unskilled Worker Individuals in the U.S. in a temporary position for which a shortage of U.S. workers exists, working for a specific employer for a fixed period of time. Requires Alien Labor Certification approval.

H-3 Trainee Individuals in the U.S. for a temporary period to participate in a training program provided by a specific employer.

H-4 Dependent of H Visa Holder Individuals in the U.S. as dependents of an "H" visa holder.

I Representative of Foreign Information Media Individuals in the U.S. as journalists or representatives of international media, and their dependents.

J-1 Exchange Visitor (Student) Individuals in the U.S. as exchange visitors for the primary purpose of studying at an academic institution under the auspices of the United States Information Agency and a Designated Program Sponsor.

J-1 Exchange Visitor (Short- term Scholar, Professor, Researcher, or Specialist) Individuals in the U.S. as visiting researchers or professors under the auspices of the United States Information Agency and a Designated Program Sponsor.

J-1 Au Pair Individuals in the U.S. under the auspices of the U.S. Information Agency and a Designated Program Sponsor to serve as a live-in child-care provider for a host family.

J-2 Dependents of J-1 Visa Holder
Individuals in the U.S. as a dependent (spouse or unmarried child under the age of 21) of a J-1 student or scholar.

L-1 Intracompany Transferee Individuals in the U.S. who have been transferred from a subsidiary, affiliate, or branch office overseas to the U.S. to work in an executive, managerial, or specialist capacity, and their dependents.

L-2 Dependent of L-1 Visa Holder

M-1 Vocational Student Individuals enrolled in a vocational school or program in the U.S.

M-2 Dependent of M-1 Visa Holder Individuals in the U.S. as dependents of an M-1 student.

NATO 1-6 NATO Personnel Individuals in the U.S. as members of the armed services of the nations of the North Atlantic Treaty Origination, staff members, attendants, servants, and personal employees of NATO personnel.

O-1 Person of Extraordinary Ability Individual of extraordinary ability in the science, arts, education, business, or athletics who are in the U.S. to work for a sponsoring employer or organization(O-1), and their accompanying personnel (O-2).

O-2 Accompanying Personnel

O-3 Dependent of O-1 and O-2 Visa Holder Individuals in the U.S. as dependents of O-1 and O-2 visa holders.

P-1 Internationally Recognized Athlete / Entertainment Group, Essential Support Personnel Individuals in the U.S. as internationally recognized athletes competing individually or as part of a team, or individuals performing as part of an entertainment group that has been internationally recognized, and their essential support personnel.

P-2 Artist or Entertainer Under a Reciprocal Exchange Progr
am. Individuals in the U.S. as artists or entertainers, operating individually or as a group, who will be performing under a reciprocal exchange program between an organization in the U.S. and one in a foreign state.

P-3 Artist or Entertainer in a Culturally Unique Program Individuals in the U.S. as artists or entertainers, individually or as a group, recognized for excellence in developing, interpreting, representing, coaching, or teaching a unique or traditional ethnic, folk, cultural, musical, theatrical, or artistic performance or presentation.

P-4 Dependent of P-1, P-2, or P-3 Visa Holder Individuals in the U.S. as dependents of holder of a P-1, P-2, or P-3 visa.

Q Participant in an International Cultural Exchange Program Individuals in the U.S. as participants in an international cultural exchange visitors program approved by the Attorney General to provide practical training, employment, and the sharing of the history, culture, and traditions of the foreign national's country ("Disney Visa").

R-l Religious Worker Individuals in the U.S. as members of a bona fide religious denomination carrying out the activities of a religious worker.

R-2 Dependent of R-1 Visa Holder Individuals in the U.S. as dependents of an R-1 visa holder.

TN Trade NAFTA (for citizens of Canada & Mexico) Individuals in the U.S. to perform professional services for a sponsoring employer in a specific position for a fixed period of time.

T-D Dependent of TN Visa Holder Individuals in the U.S. as dependents of the holder of a TN visa.

Lost Pets and found stray Pets

Just a note, if you have lost a pet or have had a strange pet appear at your house you can list them on the Delmar Police Website. There is also an animal control officer in Delmar so you can contact him via the Delmar Police Department to see if your pet was picked up by him.

Beef and Dumpling Dinner

The band parents organization is hosting a Beef and Dumpling Dinner at Delmar’s VFW Hall on Sunday, March 9th, 2008 from 1-4 p.m. Tickets will be $10.00 and can be purchased from any Delmar Band student, or from Mr. David Smith beginning next week. Some tickets will also be available at the door. Take outs are in pre-portioned containers and the dinner at VFW is All You Can Eat. Desserts will be available as well.

Birds of Choice

I noticed we have a new bird shop in town. In State Line Plaza is "Birds of Choice". They have an assortments of Macaws, parakeets, finches, cockatoos, etc plus cages and bird supplies. There are a lot of baby birds. Their phone number is 302-846-3100. Stop in and look around.

George A. Penuel

In February of 1942 the Milford Chronicle reported;

George Ames Penuel, Jr was the first Delaware man to give up his life for his country in World War II. He was on the destroyer U. S. S. Shaw at Pearl Harbor. In February of 1942 his parents, Mr. and Mrs. George A. Penuel of Millsboro, received a letter from the Navy Department reading;

“After an exhaustive search it has been found impossible to locate your son, George Ames Penuel Jr, boatswain’s mate second class, U. S. N. and he has been officially declared to have lost his life in the service of his country as of December 7, 1941.”

Born in Georgetown October 29, 1920 he went to school in Millsboro. He had been on the U. S. S. Shaw for nearly three years.

He was survived by his parents, Mr. and Mrs. George Penuel of Millsboro, four sisters; Miss Amelia Penuel of Millsboro, Mrs. George Zieglar of Seaford, Mrs. George W. Gillespie of Milford, and Mrs. Dudley Perkins of Philadelphia; two brothers Coard Penuel of Frankford and Granville Penuel of Wilmington.

The U. S. S. Shaw was a destroyer built at the United States Navy Yard in Philadelphia Pennsylvania and launched October 28, 1935. The U. S. S. Shaw was in drydock at the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard on December 7, 1941. On the second Japanese strike wave she was hit by three bombs that detonated her forward ammunition magazine blowing off her bow. She was later repaired and saw service thru out WWII. The USS Shaw was decommissioned October 2, 1945 and scrapped in July of 1946.

I guess officially on April 12, 1942 when Sgt. Harry Fineman of Wilmington was killed in the Philippines, he became the first World War II combat casualty from Delaware. It is a matter of timing or language as we did not declare war on Japan until December 8th 1941 and George Penuel along with the others were killed the day before war was declared.

Wednesday, February 06, 2008

Bonanza Update

I have heard the Pocomoke Bonanza will open up February 15th or there abouts. I have no news on the Delmar Bonanza or the other Bonanzas in the area.

Anthony J. Lofink

Anthony J. Lofink pleaded guilty to wire fraud, conspiracy to commit wire fraud and conspiracy to commit money laundering yesterday. He and four other people; Stephano Roussos, Michael Smith, Jemain Davis, and Chandra Sanassie, stole $1.2 million from the state of Delaware. Most of the money has been spent so there seems to be little chance of recovering it. I thought the best part of the article the News Journal did on it was when they mentioned Lofink supervisor (name not given) used as his password, the word "password". It amazes how many people uses "password" as their password. Maybe they think they are clever and no one else uses that secret word. I use to run across people using "password" as their password rather frequently when I worked in accounting.

Based on the accounting done for the City of Salisbury this is something that could have happened to the City of Salisbury.

In a previous post I did on this John R. Henry's name was mentioned as possibly being in on it but this time it was not mentioned.

Anthony Lofink is the son of Delaware State representive Vince Lofink, R-Bear.

Other blogs talking about this are;

Delaware Liberal

Talk of Delmarva

1952 Delmar Ad - Ocean Highway Restaurant

Tuesday, February 05, 2008

Frida Kahlo

I took a trip today to see the Nickolas Muray photographs of Frida Kahlo at the Delaware Art Museum (will be on exhibit until March 30th). I will say they are exceptional photographs of a unique individual. Frida Kahlo was a Mexican artist, but I find her art not nearly as interesting as Frida Kahlo, herself. She was the poster child for uni-brow people all over the world and she wore the hairstyle and dress of the Tehuana women of central Mexico. A recent movie, well 2002 that is close to being recent, was made about her called Frida. Those that are Frida Kahlo fans should see these photographs.

The main interest at the Delaware Art Museum is the Pre Raphaelites art exhibit. They were removed, for a while, to go on tour and were returned back to the museum in September. The exhibit has about 150 paintings and other works by victorian artists with Dante Gabriel Rosetti who seems to the main interest. Pre Raphaelites apparently like to paint women with red hair and pale skin. I have always viewed them as having a hair fetish. Most of the paintings have a jewel like colors in them with close attention to detail.

1949 Ad - Earl Smullen

Russell C. Lecates

From The Feb 5, 1986 edition of The Leader and State Register

Russell C. Lecates has completed his training in military school in Biloxi, Miss. He is the son of Patrica M. Messick and Mr. Melvin LeCates, both of Delmar. Russell spent last weekend visiting his family and friends before reporting to Dover Air Force Base.

Monday, February 04, 2008

Presidential Primary Sussex County Delaware

So tomorrow from 7 a.m. to 8 p.m. you can vote for your party's choice for President.

In Delaware you can only vote if you are already registered. You can only vote if you are a registered Republican or democrat. If you don't know where to vote click on Polling place locator You will enter your name and zip code and it will give you the address of where you will vote and you can look at a sample ballot that is based on rather you are a Republician or democrat. You can also enter your friends names to see if they are registered voters.

For residents of the town of Delmar; everyone is in Representative District 40. You will vote at either the Delmar High school or the Delmar Fire Hall. Your polling card will tell you which one to go to. If you have lost your card or just want to recheck it is of course best to check on line.

Those people on the ballot are;
Joseph R. Biden Jr, Democrat
Hillary Clinton, Democrat
Christopher J. Dodd, Democrat
John Edwards, Democrat
Dennis J. Kucinich, Democrat
Barack Obama, Democrat

Rudy Giuliani, Republican
Michael D. Huckabee, Republican
John McCain, Republican
Ron Paul, Republican
Mitt Romney, Republican
Tom Tancredo, Republican

To find out information on line you can click here for Sussex County Election Services.

Sunday, February 03, 2008

Frank Sample 1933

From The Milford Chronicle Feb 3, 1933

"One of the saddest happenings of this community for a long time was the drowning of Frank Sample at Leonard's Mill early Tuesday morning. At 7 a.m. that day, Clarence Beauchamp, miller, arrived at the aboved named place, preparatory to beginning his day's work. Noticing a car had plunged down the embankment he made an investigation and discovered it was Sample's car vacant and with the door open. A search was started at once for Sample but it was not until 1:30 p.m. that his body was found by O. T. Kelly and Richard Hill at a place several yards from shore and ten feet deep. There have been several theories set forth. one being that the unfortunate man attempted to turn around near the mill and when he realized he was too close to the embankment reached for the brake and pressed the accelerator instead and that when he alighted from his car he stumbled and fell into the water. The truth will probably never be known. Sample was a prominent farmer and an active worker in the Democratic party. he is survived by a wife and several children."


Today in Japan is Setsubun. It is a festival held the day before the beginning of spring in the Japanese Lunar calendar. It was viewed as Japanese New Year eve prior to Japan accepting The Gregorian calendar.

Little bags of Happiness Beans (Fuku Mame) are sold at Setsubun. The beans are tossed out at people by the Japanese on Setsubun to drive devils from their house. Usual accompanied by shouting "Devils out! Good luck in!”. This tradition comes from a Buddhist priest who over 1,000 years ago exorcised devils using beans. Some beliefs say that beans will make the devils go blind, so they flee before the beans hit them. As I recall when I was stationed on a Japanese Island in the 1960's I was walking down a street on Setsuban and was pelled by soy beans and some kind of shouts that sounded like "Out white devil, out of our house, off our island".

Eddy Arnold Comes To Delmar

On June 4, 1952 as part of the grand opening at the Ralston Purina Mill at Delmar, Eddy Arnold and his gang were part of the entertainment. Over 8,000 were there for the grand opening and to watch and listen to Eddy Arnold. The show was recorded and later broadcasted for his half hour show. At this time Eddy Arnold was close to the peak of his career so he was a really big star to come to Delmar.

Eddy Arnold had more hit songs than any country singer, ever. He was the first country singer to have his own TV show - "Eddy Arnold Time" in the 1950's. It was an enjoyable show and my family watched each week. He rarely did Honky Tonk, he just had a good voice. His top song may have been "Make the World Go away". He stopped recording around the year 2000 and as for as I know is still alive.

City Of Georgetown

The City of Georgetown collided with the Prinz Oskar 40 miles east of Cape Henlopen by the Five Fathom Bank Lightship today in 1913.
This accident was covered by the New York Times

The City of Georgetown was a 170 foot, 1,900 ton four-masted schooner built in Bath Maine in 1902. The Schooner was named for Georgetown, South Carolina. The schooner was hauling salt from New York to Savannah and was captained by A. J. Slocum. The Prinz Oskar was a Hamburg-American liner with 33 passengers on board captained by Von Leuenfels. At about midnight in high winds and ice the City of Georgetown rammed into the Prinz Oskar. In the collision the City of Georgtown lost it's bowsprit causing it to begin to sink. The Captain and seven crew member were pulled from the water by the crew of the Prinz Oskar. The Prinz Oskar was damaged but was in no danger of sinking.

The four-masted schooner City of Georgetown attracted great attention when she arrived in Georgetown, S.C. in 1902 after a maiden voyage from New England. A large crowd of Georgetonians was on hand when the Georgetown docked and was opened to the public. The ship's masts were 87 feet high and could take sails totaling 4500 yeards of canvas. After the Georgetown arrived, her master, Captain A. J. Slocum, and officers were honored at a banquet at the Palmetoo Club, a social center of Georgetown in 1902. Note the side wheeler in the background.

The schooner today lays in 110 feet of water, largely sanded in, with wooden beams and ribs sticking out five feet or less from the bottom. A good wreck site description in the New Jersey Scuba Diver.

The "Prinz Oskar" was a 6,026 gross ton ship, built in 1902 by Bremer Vulkan, Vegesack for the Hamburg America Line of Hamburg. Her details were - length 403.4ft x beam 49.2ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 13 knots. There was capacity for 60-1st and 1,200-3rd class passengers. Launched on 15/12/1902, she started her maiden voyage from Hamburg to Brazil in June 1903. On 10/10/1903 she commenced her first Genoa - Naples - New York voyage, and started her last voyage on this service on 29/6/1906. She transferred to the Genoa - Buenos Aires route on 22/9/1906 and then to the Hamburg - Halifax - St John NB service on 19/3/1909. On 14/5/1909 she commenced her first Hamburg - Quebec - Montreal sailing and started her last voyage on this route on 27/5/1910. She commenced her first Hamburg - Philadelphia crossing on 13/9/1910 and her last on 21/7/1914. On August 4th 1914 she was interned at Philadelphia and on April 6th 1917 was seized by the US government, renamed "Orion" and operated by the US Shipping Board. Sold to the American owned Black Star Line in 1922, she reverted to the US Shipping Board the following year and was scrapped at Baltimore in 1929.