"I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the republic for which it stands, one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."
At the start of each Delmar Joint Council meeting everyone repeats a loyalty oath to the national flag and the Republic of the United States of America, know as the Pledge of Allegiance. It is sometime amusing to listen to a newly elected official stumble over the 31 words. According to the United States Flag Code, the Pledge "should be rendered by standing at attention facing the flag with the right hand over the heart. Members of the Armed Forces and veterans (A military veteran is Any person who served for Any length of time in Any military service branch) who are present and not in uniform may render the military salute. Persons in uniform should remain silent, face the flag, and render the military salute.
The Pledge was originally composed by Francis Bellamy in 1892. Bellamy was both a Baptist minister and a Nationalist and Christian socialist (the cousin of socialist utopian novelist Edward Bellamy), in other words a radical. Part of an elitist socialist movement in Boston known as “Nationalism,” whose members wanted the federal government to national most of the American economy (They are doing well even today). In 1891, he was forced to resign from his Boston church, the Bethany Baptist church, because of his socialist activities.
The original "Pledge of Allegiance" was published in the September 8 1892 issue of the popular children's magazine "The Youth's Companion" as part of the National Public-School Celebration of Columbus Day, a celebration of the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas. Combined with drumming The Pledge into everyone head, the magazine also began a campaign to sell American flags to the public schools. By 1892, the magazine had sold American flags to about 26 thousands schools. Nothing wrong with creating Nationalism and a profit and the Flags were probably made in America.