Saturday, February 19, 2011

Holland Island Bar Light House

The lighthouse above was built in 1889 off of Holland Island, Maryland, which at the time was a fishing community. It was used to mark Holland Strait, a body of water linking the Chesapeake Bay to Tangier Sound. This lighthouse is remembered most by the strange death of its keeper, Ulman Owens in 1931. When he was found dead, there was blood at the scene and signs of a struggle. However, there were no wounds on his body, and his death was eventually ruled natural. Another thing that this lighthouse is remembered for happened on February 19th, 1957, when three ADSN Skyraiders from the Naval Air Station at Atlantic City, New Jersey bombed the light; their pilots had mistaken the structure for the hulk of the Hannibal, a target ship that was and still is situated a few miles away. Practice rockets hit the light, damaging the roof and the walls. Miraculously, the four keepers who were on the light survived, and were evacuated by the Coast Guard. In 1960, the lighthouse was automated, and house was dismantled.

Stephen and Susan Decatur - Forever in Love

This past week on February 16, 1804, United States Navy Lieutenant Stephen Decatur led a group of navy personnel on a mission in Tripoli Harbor to destroy a US vessel, the USS Philadelphia, which had been captured by pirates in the Barbary Wars. He was promoted to Captain and went on to become a national hero, served with distinction in the War of 1812 eventually achieving the rank of Commodore. He is famous for the toast ‘Our country! In her intercourse with foreign nations may she always be in the right; but our country, right or wrong’.

Stephen Decatur is well known to us as he was born in the Berlin-Ocean City area. He was born January 5th, 1779, at Sinipuxent, on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. His mother (Ann Pine Decatur), brother and sisters had came south from Philadelphia after the British took possession of Philadelphia about 1778. His mother lived in a two-room cabin while her husband was away at sea. After the British left Decatur, his brothers and sisters and his mother moved back to Philadelphia to wait for his father to come back to the family home.

Stephen Decatur was a hero of his times. Never one to back down from a fight. His friend Admiral Charles Stewart said of him."Decatur was a born fighter I never knew a boy so fond of a bout as he. I sat near him at school and have known weeks to pass, without a single day in which he did not arrange a contest with one of the boys. We generally adjourned to the Quaker burying-ground opposite, and had it out among the tombs. Decatur despised meanness of every description, and rarely was beaten in a fight. When only fifteen, he half killed a partially intoxicated man who insulted his mother and refused to apologize. He never knew when he was whipped, but would hang on like a bull-dog. I was a few months older than he, but we were appointed midshipmen in the same year, 1798. Our intimacy was never broken by the slightest incident."

But my post today is less about Stephen Decatur and more about his wife, Susan Wheeler. Susan Wheeler was born in 1776. She came from a well off family in Norfolk where her father, Luke Wheeler, Esq, was at one time the Mayor Of Norfolk. Susan was the belle of Norfolk. Of elegant manners and splendid conversational powers. Jerome Bonaparte had offered himself to her, but she refused him. While Stephen Decatur was in Norfolk he was the guest of honor at a ball being given by Susan’s father after Decatur’s return from the Mediterranean. They were taken with one another and as was the custom of that day were married on March 14th, 1806. She followed him to various navy posts until they arrived in Washington DC.

Altho Stephen Decatur was a hero and a man’s man he was also the romantic. Below is one of the few notes I found on the internet that he mailed to Susan;

My Beloved Susan,
-I have had the good fortune to capture His Britannic Majesty’s Frigate Macedonia, Captain Carden, by which I have gained a small sprig of laurel, which I shall hasten to lay at your feet. I tried burning on a former occasion, which might do for a very young man; but now that I have a precious little wife, I wish to have something more substantial to offer in case she should become weary of love and glory… Do not be anxious about me, my beloved, I shall soon press you to my heart.
Your devoted,
- S. Decatur

Love turns aside the balls which round me fly
Lest precious tears should drop from Susan’s eye.

So he seemed to have been someone who would go forth with his sword cutting down pirates and foes and still come home to dinner on Valentine day with a box of chocolates.

Commodore Decatur and his wife moved into their Washington home (The Decatur House) in January 1819. He was then 41 years of age and stood at the summit of his career--a national hero. The Decatur House still stands. The National Trust for Historic Preservation and the White House Historical Association established the National Center for White House History at Decatur House, effective January 1, 2010.

Decatur was a superhero but his downfall was a lack of tact. About this aspect of Decatur’s character, Decatur House Curator Whitmarsh said simply, “ of the things we have known much about Stephen Decatur is that he couldn’t keep his mouth shut.”. Drawn into a duel he was mortally wounded on March 22, 1820.

He left an estate of approximately one-hundred-thousand dollars to his wife. A high percentage of that money was property in Washington, D.C. and Connecticut. At the time of Commodore Decatur death the Panic of 1819 was in full swing. It was a recession that depressed the land and housing market. I also think Susan Decatur was just not up to managing money. Anyway Susan auctioned most of the Decatur house furnishings, moved to a small house in Georgetown and rented the Decatur House for the next 15 years to a string of foreign and American dignitaries. Due to her overwhelming debt, Susan Decatur was forced to sell the home in 1836. She was also forced to take employment "copying government documents."

In an effort to obtain money Susan had friends apply on her behalf for the prize money her husband never received when he burnt the Philadelphia on February 16th. The granting of prize money for the sinking of enemy ships appears to have been a common practice during this time period in American history. In 1826 she applied for this money and a pension for her by way of her husband navy service. This started an interesting chain of legal events that is best described by By Dr. Bruce Bordner in his More than a Footnote: The Interest and Journey of Susan Decatur On March 3rd 1834, the United States Congress approved Resolution Number Two granting a pension to her and on this same day, the Congress also passed an act for the aid of naval widows. This act provided that, "the widow of any officer who had died in the naval service of the United States authority to receive, out of the navy pension fund, half the monthly pay to which the deceased officer would have been entitled under the acts regulating the pay in the navy in force on the 1st day of January, 1835." This sets up the question of public administration at issue in his paper -- is Susan Decatur entitled to both pensions.

To sum it up – read the Dr. Bordner article - it is good. Susan eventually received a pension. In 1837 she donate $7,000 to Georgetown college, when Congress awarded her $7,000 (equivalent to around $100,000 today) for her husband’s military services in 1834. She turned it over to the University in exchange for an annuity payment of $644 per year until her death. Mrs. Decatur was 58 years old at the time of her donation and accepted the annuity with the belief that she would not live much longer. In fact, she lived to the age of 94 and received over $23,000 back from the College. However, the earnings from Mrs. Decatur’s gift did provide welcome relief to the College which had been on the verge of financial collapse at the time it was made. Susan Decatur lived for a time in a house known as Decatur Cottage, which was located on land adjacent to Georgetown College.

Susan Decatur never remarried. In 1828 she converted to the Catholic faith. The woman Decatur called his “paragon” died on July 21, 1860. She was buried in the Old Georgetown College Cemetery. At the time of her death, her claim for the prize money from the "Philadelphia" was still unresolved by Congress. Still it was not over for Susan Wheeler Decatur.

Stephen Decatur had been buried in Philadelphia and Susan in Washington. She laid there for 128 years until in 1988 their earthly remains were finally reunited in the Philadelphia churchyard of St. Peter’s Episcopal Church. In a private ceremony the remains of Susan Decatur were removed from a university-owned cemetery, placed in a mahogany casket and on May 19, 1988 reburied beside her husband, who had been laid to rest under a 30-foot-tall granite beside his parents.

It Is a Blustery Day Today

Oh the wind is lashing lustily
And the trees are thrashing thrustily
And the leaves are rustling gustily
So it's rather safe to say
That it seems that it may turn out to be
It feels that it will undoubtedly
It looks like a rather blustery day, today
It sounds that it may turn out to be
Feels that it will undoubtedly
Looks like a rather blustery day today

From: Winnie The Pooh and the Blustery Day
Written by: Richard M. Sherman and Robert B. Sherman

Well the wind is strong, assorted trash and garbage cans are rolling down the street and since my yard is a new construction yard with only dirt in it, It is like a sand storm when you go out.

Is It That Time Again?

Candidates seeking to be on the Delmar Board of Education shall submit a Candidate Filing Form to the Department of elections for Sussex County no later than 4:30p.m. Friday March 4th. There is one member-at-large opening in Delmar and the term starts July 1 2011 and ends June 30, 2016.

Puller Adkins Receives MSL from Clarion

Those who go to the Delmar Library are well aware of Puller. Puller Adkins has received a MSL (Master of Library Science) from Clarion University in the December Commencements. Congratulations Puller. Puller started as a volunteer at Delmar Public Library, graduated with honors from Villa Julie College (now Stevenson University), and now has an MSL.

Delmar High School Talent Show - 2011

The wife and I attended the 2011 Delmar High School Talents show last night and as always it was great entertainment. The show is put on by the Student Government and at $5 a head they should have did well as the auditorium was filled. Talent show performers stood under the spotlights showcasing their dance moves, demonstrating special skills and singing popular songs, as well as original pieces. The audience cheered and applauded the twelve performances, including some that went far beyond amateur level.

The judges did their version of Randy, Paula, Simon with a fourth

The two hosts of the show entertained us with card tricks, tap dancing, witty repartee and jokes;
"What is a school for greeters?
A Hi School"

The first performer, Julia Johnson, made you realized you were going to be watching first class talent tonight. She sang "Me, Myself and Time". She is a sixth grader who showed great talent and courage performing last night.

Arielle Champagne and Alanna Shires sang "I Must Not Chase The Boys". I found the number to be very enjoyable. I would certainly put them in my top three standouts of the night.

Jessica Rickards and Adwoa Nyame from the color guard and gave an energetic performance of flag Twirling.

Sierra Maitland sang "Back To December", another super performance

Sean Moore returned to the scene of the crime and with Darlyssa Roberson, Danielle Brown, Salina Schirtzinger, and Yvette Siegel they did "All the Small Things", another energetic performance - must be the warm weather getting everyones blood stirring.

Iman Marshall sang "Unfaithful" with Kori Mowbray on Piano. I think it was the best performance of the night.

Hope Campbell sang "Back To December", another of the ones I would put in my top three performers of the night. She has a good strong voice.

Joshua Wilder played ukulele and Chassidy Jewell sang "A Guy and a Girl".

Anne Ritter and Jessica Ludemann did a flag twirling number with a little dance at the end.

Yvette Siegel sang "taking Chances", with Chris Bireley on drum and Dillon Koval on guitar

I was so awestruck I missed a photo of Dillon Koval, Joshua Wilder, Carl Breau, Tyler Anderson and Sean Moore performance of "Well Enough Alone'.

The last performance was by Skylar Schirtzinger, Skyler Blewitt, Kyle Prettyman and William Sharpless. They did an original number called the "Sussex County Experience".

At the end all the performers came out on stage and awards were handed out.
Always enjoyable, all of the performers showed great talent and courage as they entertained the audience.

Spaghetti Dinner And Sweetheart Dance - Today

Click Photo To enlarge

Gone At Last

Finally Delaware Secretary of Transportation Carolann Wicks has resigned. At least she had the honesty to do what was right as opposed to Gov. Markell wishy washy refusal to fire her. I don't know how long it will take for DELDot to get it house back in order - I doubt if it ever well as it is one of the more screwed up departments in Delaware. Between good old boy employees and the I'm God because I am a state employee and am responsible to no one attitude this whole department needs to be fired and started from scratch.

More Revenue For The State

DNREC issues penalty notice to YMG Corporation of Rehoboth for wastewater treatment violations

DOVER (Feb. 18, 2011) – Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control Secretary Collin P. O’Mara has issued a Notice of Administrative Penalty Assessment and Secretary’s Order to YMG Corporation for violations of regulations governing the land treatment of wastes and State of Delaware operational and repair permits. The penalty order totals $233,818, which includes reimbursement to DNREC for expenses associated with its investigation.

YMG Corporation operates The Plantations Wastewater Treatment and Spray Irrigation Facility in Rehoboth Beach. This facility is designed to treat domestic wastewater from the Plantations development and spray irrigate the treated effluent on adjacent parcels of land. On March 2, 2006, DNRECs Ground Water Protection Branch (GWPB) performed a hydrogeological review of the facility. The report from that review identified elevated nitrate concentrations in several of the facility’s monitoring wells. The report further recommended an evaluation of the facility’s aerated lagoon and, if found to be leaking, that the lagoon be repaired by installing a synthetic liner in it.

From then until March, 2009, DNREC made numerous attempts to obtain YMG’s voluntary compliance in this matter pursuant to 7 Del. C. § 6019 and eventually issued a repair permit to YMG on April 6, 2009. The permit, which authorized YMG to install the synthetic liner, expired a year later without completion of the required repairs.

On August 3, 2010, DNREC issued a Notice of Violation (NOV) to YMG for elevated nitrate concentrations in several monitoring wells and for the failure to complete required repairs on the aerated lagoon. The NOV contained specific compliance requirements, which YMG has not yet met, meaning the violations are still outstanding.

YMG Corporation has 30 days to request a public hearing.

To view the penalty order, go to:

Harrington and Millsboro Get Hit

DNREC issues notice of penalty for wastewater permit violations to
the Town of Millsboro and City of Harrington exceeding $500,000

Both towns working with DNREC to improve wastewater systems

DOVER (Feb. 18, 2011) – Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control Secretary Collin O’Mara has issued Notices of Administrative Penalty Assessment and Secretary’s Orders to the Town of Millsboro and the City of Harrington for multiple violations of their National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Permits.

The order for Millsboro totals a cash penalty of $376,303 including reimbursement to DNREC for expenses associated with the department’s investigation. Harrington’s penalty order for wastewater violations totals $137,724, which also includes reimbursement to DNREC for expenses in its investigation. In both cases, the municipalities will be allowed to apply the penalty towards projects that will benefit water quality in their respective communities. DNREC also continues to work with both municipalities to achieve compliance and improve their wastewater systems.

The Town of Millsboro maintains a wastewater treatment plant for the treatment of sewage entering the treatment plant via the town’s collection system. Millsboro has a permit that places certain restrictions and limitations on the amount and concentration of various pollutants that may be discharged to Tiger Branch (a tributary of the Indian River) from the town’s wastewater treatment plant.

Since last August, Millsboro has not had a violation of the town’s NPDES effluent permit limitations. Millsboro also continues to pursue alternatives to stream discharge of the town’s effluent and has communicated to DNREC that this continues to be one of its highest priorities. However, during 2009 through August 2010, Millsboro’s wastewater treatment plant effluent violated NPDES permit limits on numerous occasions. Millsboro also exceeded its monthly average permit limitations for a total of 18 months, while failing to meet several administrative requirements of the permit. The town has continued in violation of its compliance schedule, which required Millsboro to eliminate the discharge from its wastewater facility to Delaware waters by June 1, 2005. This requirement was added to gain the town’s compliance with the Inland Bays Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) regulations.

Millsboro’s permit violations included noncompliance with maximum concentration and loading limits for total suspended solids, biochemical oxygen demand, total phosphorus (a nutrient), fecal coliform bacteria, and pH. Effluent violations from this facility added excess volumes of pollutants in the form of solids, organics, nutrients, and potentially harmful bacteria to the state’s surface waters, and contribute to the impairment of the state’s waterways.

In 2009, Millsboro completed a full upgrade of the wastewater treatment plant to incorporate new and innovative membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology. The MBR treatment process started up in September 2009, but permit violations continued when the system failed soon after from filtration problems with the system’s tubular membranes. Millsboro, the town’s equipment supplier, and its engineering firm have continued to address the filtration issues.

The City of Harrington maintains a wastewater treatment plant for sewage from the town’s collection system. Harrington has a permit that places certain restrictions and limitations on the amount and concentration of various pollutants that may be discharged to Brown’s Branch (a tributary of the Murderkill River) from the city’s wastewater treatment plant. During 2009 and continuing through January 2011, Harrington’s wastewater treatment plant effluent exceeded its discharge permit limitations on numerous occasions. The city also failed to meet several administrative requirements of the permit.

Harrington’s permit includes limits on long-term average discharges and the city continues to be in violation of these loading requirements.

In March, 2010, DNREC was notified that lagoon levels at the treatment plant were dangerously high, and that unless pressure was relieved on the lagoon walls, they would be breached. As a result, part of the treatment process had to be bypassed, and approximately 3 million gallons of partially-treated wastewater was discharged to Brown’s Branch over four days. This action led to various violations of the permit. There also were visible signs of floating solids in Brown’s Branch, and state sampling of the branch found high levels of fecal enterococcus bacteria.

Many of the violations reported by Harrington were a direct result of leaks in the collection system during major rainfall events that caused increased flow to the wastewater treatment plant, and diminished the plant’s capability to properly treat it prior to discharging to Brown’s Branch. Harrington has acknowledged serious collection systems leaks in correspondence with DNREC dating back to 2006, but has failed to adequately address them over that time. These leaks have contributed to many of the city’s reported permit limitation violations, including the major incident with the lagoon walls in March 2010.

Effluent violations from this facility add unwanted pollutants in the form of solids, oxygen consuming compounds, nutrients, and unwanted bacteria to the surface waters of the State of Delaware, and contribute to the impairment of the state’s waterways.

The department recently was notified that Harrington has completed an inflow and infiltration engineering study pertaining to the collection system leaks, and is addressing these issues. Harrington has further communicated that the city is committed to a $6.8 million project to connect the city’s force main to the Kent County Regional Wastewater Treatment Plant and to eliminate the current wastewater treatment facility in Harrington.

Both Millsboro and Harrington have 30 days to pay the penalties or to request public hearings.

To view the penalty orders, go to

The State Street and 6th Street Accident Yesterday


UPDATE – (02-18-11 – 9PM) – Power has been restored to the remaining 113 Delmarva Power customers after a Delmar fire truck collided with a utility pole at East State Street & South 6th Street around 2pm. Delmar Police are still investigating, but tell WGMD the crash caused substantial damage to the fire apparatus as well as snapping the utility pole. The fire truck was responding to a call for service – the driver and a passenger were taken to PRMC in Salisbury.

Press Release
Delmar Police Department

Incident: Accident
Date: 02-18-2011
Location: E. State St. & S. Sixth St., Delmar, MD

On Friday, February 18th, 2011 officers of the Delmar Police Department responded to a personal injury accident involving a Delmar Fire Department apparatus. Further investigation revealed the fire truck had been responding to a call for service at which time the vehicle left the roadway damaging a telephone pole and other property as well as substantial damage to the fire truck. The operator and passenger were transported to Peninsula Regional Medical Center for further care. Investigation is continuing.

Friday, February 18, 2011

Talbot County Is Established - 1662

February 18, 1662 - Talbot County, Maryland established


TALBOT COUNTY, named for Grace Talbot, a sister of Cecilius
Calvert and wife of Sir Robert Talbot, was erected about 1662,
though the authority for creating the county has never been found.
It embraced all of the territory south and east of the Chester River,
the Kent Narrows, Eastern Bay and Chesapeake Bay and north of
the Choptank River. These boundaries were confirmed by the lines
followed in laying out the parishes of the county in accordance with
an Act of the Assembly of 1692, and not until 1706 did they change,
save, in 1695, when Kent Island was taken into Talbot County. It
will be interesting to the reader to quote in part the Act of 1706,
Chapter 3, which gave to the county its present lines:

That the bounds of Talbot County shall contain Sharp's Island,
Choptank Island and all the land on the north side of the Great
Choptank River, and extend itself up the said river to Tuckahoe
Bridge, and from thence with a straight line to the mill commonly
called and known by the name of Swetnam's Mill, and thence down
the south side of Wye River to the mouth thereof, and from thence
down the bay (including Poplar Island) to the first beginning, also
Bruff's Island in Wye River.

Whether by proclamation or by Act of Assembly this county was
erected it is not now known, but on February 18, 1662, Moses Stag-
well was made Sheriff of the county and the machinery of the county
government began to be assembled around this chief officer. In pur-
suance of the usual form issued to the Sheriff he called together all
the freemen of the county to elect deputies to the General Assembly.
They then elected four delegates of their peers. The Governor
appointed the new commissioners of justice and their appointment
was confirmed by the Assembly. They were Lieut. Richard Woolman,
James Ringgold, William Coursey, Thomas South, Seth Forster and
Thomas Hynson, Junior. Four were of the "quorum," any one of
whom with two of the other Justices held court for the trial of those
cases that were not properly heard by the Council sitting at St. Mary's
City, which at that time constituted the highest court of the Province.

In order to further provide for the machinery of a county, Talbot
was divided into nine "hundreds" as follows: Tred Haven, BoUing-
brooke. Mill, Tuckahoe, Worrell, Bay, Island, Chester and Lower
Hundred of Kent Island. The localities now known as Miles River
Neck and Wye Island were "Island Hundred," and "Bay Hundred"
is to this day a voting district of this old county.

Thursday, February 17, 2011

The End of The War of 1812

It is interesting that the first post on the war of 1812 would be the treaty that ended it This treaty brought to a close the “War of 1812.”

Treaty of Peace and Amity between His Britannic Majesty and the United States of America, Concluded at Ghent, December 24, 1814; Ratification Advised by Senate, February 16, 1815; Ratified by President; February 17, 1815; Ratifications Exchanged at Washington, February 17, 1815; Proclaimed, February 18, 1815.

HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY and the United States of America, desirous of terminating the war which has unhappily subsisted between the two countries, and of restoring, upon principles of perfect reciprocity, peace, friendship, and good understanding between them, have, for that purpose, appointed their respective Plenipotentiaries, that is to say:

His Britannic Majesty, on his part, has appointed the Right Honourable James Lord Gambier, late Admiral of the White, now Admiral of the Red Squadron of His Majesty’s fleet, Henry Goulburn, Esquire, a member of the Imperial Parliament, and Under Secretary of State, and William Adams, Esquire, Doctor of Civil Laws; and the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof, has appointed John Quincy Adams, James A. Bayard, Henry Clay, Jonathan Russell, and Albert Gallatin, citizens of the United States; 2
Who, after a reciprocal communication of their respective full powers, have agreed upon the following articles:

Article I

There shall be a firm and universal peace between His Britannic Majesty and the United States, and between their respective countries, territories, cities, towns, and people, of every degree, without exception of places or persons. All hostilities, both by sea and land, shall cease as soon as this treaty shall have been ratified by both parties, as hereinafter mentioned. All territory, places, and possessions whatsoever, taken by either party from the other during the war, or which may be taken after the signing of this treaty, excepting only the islands hereinafter mentioned, shall be restored without delay, and without causing any destruction or carrying away any of the artillery or other public property originally captured in the said forts or places, and which shall remain therein upon the exchange of the ratifications of this treaty, or any slaves or other private property. And all archives, records, deeds, and papers, either of a public nature or belonging to private persons, which, in the course of the war, may have fallen into the hands of the officers of either party, shall be, as far as may be practicable, forthwith restored and delivered to the proper authorities and persons to whom they respectively belong. Such of the islands in the Bay of Passamaquoddy as are claimed by both parties, shall remain in the possession of the party in whose occupation they may be at the time of the exchange of the ratifications of this treaty, until the decision respecting the title to the said islands shall have been made in conformity with the fourth article of this treaty. No disposition made by this treaty as to such possession of the islands and territories claimed by both parties shall, in any manner whatever, be construed to affect the right of either.

Article II

Immediately after the ratifications of this treaty by both parties, as hereinafter mentioned, orders shall be sent to the armies, squadrons, officers, subjects and citizens of the two Powers to cease from all hostilities. And to prevent all causes of complaint which might arise on account of the prizes which may be taken at sea after the said ratifications of this treaty, it is reciprocally agreed that all vessels and effects which may be taken after the space of twelve days from the said ratifications, upon all parts of the coast of North America, from the latitude of twenty-three degrees north to the latitude of fifty degrees north, and as far eastward in the Atlantic Ocean as the thirty-sixth degree of west longitude from the meridian of Greenwich, shall be restored on each side: that the time shall be thirty days in all other parts of the Atlantic Ocean north of the equinoctial line or equator, and the same time for the British and Irish Channels, for the Gulf of Mexico, and all parts of the West Indies; forty days for the North Seas, for the Baltic, and for all parts of the Mediterranean; sixty days for the Atlantic Ocean south of the equator, as far as the latitude of the Cape of Good Hope; ninety days for every other part of the world south of the equator; and one hundred and twenty days for all other parts of the world, without exception.

Article III

All prisoners of war taken on either side, as well by land as by sea, shall be restored as soon as practicable after the ratifications of this treaty, as hereinafter mentioned, on their paying the debts which they may have contracted during their captivity. The two contracting parties respectively engage to discharge, in specie, the advances which may have been made by the other for the sustenance and maintenance of such prisoners.

Article IV

Whereas it was stipulated by the second article in the treaty of peace of one thousand seven hundred and eighty-three, between His Britannic Majesty and the United States of America, that the boundary of the United States should comprehend all islands within twenty leagues of any part of the shores of the United States, and lying between lines to be drawn due east from the points where the aforesaid boundaries, between Nova Scotia on the one part, and East Florida on the other, shall respectively touch the Bay of Fundy and the Atlantic Ocean, excepting such islands as now are, or heretofore have been, within the limits of Nova Scotia; and whereas the several islands in the Bay of Passamaquoddy, which is part of the Bay of Fundy, and the Island of Grand Menan, in the said Bay of Fundy, are claimed by the United States as being comprehended within their aforesaid boundaries, which said islands are claimed as belonging to His Britannic Majesty, as having been, at the time of and previous to the aforesaid treaty of one thousand seven hundred and eighty-three, within the limits of the Province of Nova Scotia. In order, therefore, finally to decide upon these claims, it is agreed that they shall be referred to two Commissioners to be appointed in the following manner, viz: One Commissioner shall be appointed by His Britannic Majesty, and one by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof; and the said two Commissioners so appointed shall be sworn impartially to examine and decide upon the said claims according to such evidence as shall be laid before them on the part of His Britannic Majesty and of the United States respectively. The said Commissioners shall meet at St. Andrews, in the Province of New Brunswick, and shall have power to adjourn to such other place or places as they shall think fit. The said Commissioners shall, by a declaration or report under their hands and seals, decide to which of the two contracting parties the several islands aforesaid do respectively belong, in conformity with the true intent of the said treaty of peace of one thousand seven hundred and eighty-three. And if the said Commissioners shall agree in their decision, both parties shall consider such decision as final and conclusive. It is further agreed that, in the event of the two Commissioners differing upon all or any of the matters so referred to them, or in the event of both or either of the said Commissioners refusing, or declining or wilfully omitting to act as such, they shall make, jointly or separately, a report or reports, as well to the Government of His Britannic Majesty as to that of the United States, stating in detail the points on which they differ, and the grounds upon which their respective opinions have been formed, or the grounds upon which they, or either of them, have so refused, declined, or omitted to act. And His Britannic Majesty and the Government of the United States hereby agree to refer the report or reports of the said Commissioners to some friendly sovereign or State, to be then named for that purpose, and who shall be requested to decide on the differences which may be stated in the said report or reports, or upon the report of one Commissioner, together with the grounds upon which the other Commissioner shall have refused, declined, or omitted to act, as the case may be. And if the Commissioner so refusing, declining, or omitting to act, shall also wilfully omit to state the grounds upon which he has so done, in such manner that the said statement may be referred to such friendly sovereign or State, together with the report of such other Commissioner, then such sovereign or State shall decide ex parte upon the said report alone. And His Britannic Majesty and the Government of the United States engage to consider the decision of such friendly sovereign or State to be final and conclusive on all the matters so referred.

Article V

Whereas neither the point of the highlands lying due north from the source of the river St. Croix, and designated in the former treaty of peace between the two Powers as the northwest angle of Nova Scotia, nor the northwesternmost head of Connecticut River, has yet been ascertained; and whereas that part of the boundary line between the dominions of the two Powers which extends from the source of the river St. Croix directly north to the above mentioned north west angle of Nova Scotia, thence along the said highlands which divide those rivers that empty themselves into the river St. Lawrence from those which fall into the Atlantic Ocean to the northwesternmost head of Connecticut River, thence down along the middle of that river to the forty-fifth degree of north latitude; thence by a line due west on said latitude until it strikes the river Iroquois or Cataraquy, has not yet been surveyed: it is agreed that for these several purposes two Commissioners shall be appointed, sworn, and authorized to act exactly in the manner directed with respect to those mentioned in the next preceding article, unless otherwise specified in the present article. The said Commissioners shall meet at St. Andrews, in the Province of New Brunswick, and shall have power to adjourn to such other place or places as they shall think fit. The said Commissioners shall have power to ascertain and determine the points above mentioned, in conformity with the provisions of the said treaty of peace of one thousand seven hundred and eighty-three, and shall cause the boundary aforesaid, from the source of the river St. Croix to the river Iroquois or Cataraquy, to be surveyed and marked according to the said provisions. The said Commissioners shall make a map of the said boundary, and annex to it a declaration under their hands and seals, certifying it to be the true map of the said boundary, and particularizing the latitude and longitude of the northwest angle of Nova Scotia, of the northwesternmost head of Connecticut River, and of such other points of the said boundary as they may deem proper. And both parties agree to consider such map and declaration as finally and conclusively fixing the said boundary. And in the event of the said two Commissioners differing, or both or either of them refusing, declining, or wilfully omitting to act, such reports, declarations, or statements shall be made by them, or either of them, and such reference to a friendly sovereign or State shall be made in all respects as in the latter part of the fourth article is contained, and in as full a manner as if the same was herein repeated.

Article VI

Whereas by the former treaty of peace that portion of the boundary of the United States from the point where the forty-fifth degree of north latitude strikes the river Iroquois or Cataraquy to the Lake Superior, was declared to be “along the middle of said river into Lake Ontario, through the middle of said lake, until it strikes the communication by water between that lake and Lake Erie, thence along the middle of said communication into Lake Erie, through the middle of said lake until it arrives at the water communication into Lake Huron, thence through the middle of said lake to the water communication between that lake and Lake Superior;” and whereas doubts have arisen what was the middle of the said river, lakes, and water communications, and whether certain islands lying in the same were within the dominions of His Britannic Majesty or of the United States: In order, therefore, finally to decide these doubts, they shall be referred to two Commissioners, to be appointed, sworn, and authorized to act exactly in the manner directed with respect to those mentioned in the next preceding article, unless otherwise specified in this present article. The said Commissioners shall meet, in the first instance, at Albany, in the State of New York, and shall have power to adjourn to such other place or places as they shall think fit. The said Commissioners shall, by a report or declaration, under their hands and seals, designate the boundary through the said river, lakes, and water communications, and decide to which of the two contracting parties the several islands lying within the said rivers, lakes, and water communications, do respectively belong, in conformity with the true intent of the said treaty of one thousand seven hundred and eighty-three. And both parties agree to consider such designation and decision as final and conclusive. And in the event of the said two Commissioners differing, or both or either of them refusing, declining, or wilfully omitting to act, such reports, declarations, or statements shall be made by them, or either of them, and such reference to a friendly sovereign or State shall be made in all respects as in the latter part of the fourth article is contained and in as full a manner as if the same was herein repeated.

Article VII

It is further agreed that the said two last-mentioned Commissioners, after they shall have executed the duties assigned to them in the preceding article, shall be, and they are hereby, authorized upon their oaths impartially to fix and determine, according to the true intent of the said treaty of peace of one thousand seven hundred and eighty-three, that part of the boundary between the dominions of the two Powers which extends from the water communication between Lake Huron and Lake Superior, to the most northwestern point of the Lake of the Woods, to decide to which of the two parties the several islands lying in the lakes, water communications, and rivers, forming the said boundary, do respectively belong, in conformity with the true intent of the said treaty of peace of one thousand seven hundred and eighty-three; and to cause such parts of the said boundary as require it to be surveyed and marked. The said Commissioners shall, by a report or declaration under their hands and seals, designate the boundary aforesaid, state their decision on the points thus referred to them, and particularize the latitude and longitude of the most northwestern point of the Lake of the Woods, and of such other parts of the said boundary as they may deem proper. And both parties agree to consider such designation and decision as final and conclusive. And in the event of the said two Commissioners differing, or both or either of them refusing, declining, or wilfully omitting to act, such reports, declarations, or statements shall be made by them, or either of them, and such reference to a friendly sovereign or state shall be made in all respects as in the latter part of the fourth article is contained, and in as full a manner as if the same was herein repeated.

Article VIII

The several boards of two Commissioners mentioned in the four preceding articles shall respectively have power to appoint a secretary, and to employ such surveyors or other persons as they shall judge necessary. Duplicates of all their respective reports, declarations, statements, and decisions, and of their accounts, and of the journal of their proceedings, shall be delivered by them to the agents of His Britannic Majesty and to the agents of the United States, who may be respectively appointed and authorized to manage the business on behalf of their respective Governments. The said Commissioners shall be respectively paid in such manner as shall be agreed between the two contracting parties, such agreement being to be settled at the time of the exchange of the ratifications of this treaty. And all other expenses attending the said commissions shall be defrayed equally by the two parties. And in the case of death, sickness, resignation, or necessary absence, the place of every such Commissioner, respectively, shall be supplied in the same manner as such Commissioner was first appointed, and the new Commissioner shall take the same oath or affirmation, and do the same duties. It is further agreed between the two contracting parties, that in case any of the islands mentioned in any of the preceding articles, which were in the possession of one of the parties prior to the commencement of the present war between the two countries, should, by the decision of any of the boards of commissioners aforesaid, or of the sovereign or State so referred to, as in the four next preceding articles contained, fall within the dominions of the other party, all grants of land made previous to the commencement of the war, by the party having had such possession, shall be as valid as if such island or islands had, by such decision or decisions, been adjudged to be within the dominions of the party having had such possession.

Article IX

The United States of America engage to put an end, immediately after the ratification of the present treaty, to hostilities with all the tribes or nations of Indians with whom they may be at war at the time of such ratification; and forthwith to restore to such tribes or nations, respectively, all the possessions, rights, and privileges which they may have enjoyed or been entitled to in one thousand eight hundred and eleven, previous to such hostilities. Provided always that such tribes or nations shall agree to desist from all hostilities against the United States of America, their citizens and subjects, upon the ratification of the present treaty being notified to such tribes or nations, and shall so desist accordingly. And his Britannic Majesty engages, on his part, to put an end immediately after the ratification of the present treaty, to hostilities with all the tribes or nations of Indians with whom he may be at war at the time of such ratification, and forthwith to restore to such tribes or nations respectively all the possessions, rights, and privileges which they may have enjoyed or been entitled to in one thousand eight hundred and eleven, previous to such hostilities. Provided always that such tribes or nations shall agree to desist from all hostilities against His Britannic Majesty, and his subjects, upon ratification of the present treaty being notified to such tribes or nations, and shall so desist accordingly.

Article X

Whereas the traffic in slaves is irreconcilable with the principles of humanity and justice, and whereas both His Majesty and the United States are desirous of continuing their efforts to promote its entire abolition, it is hereby agreed that both the contracting parties shall use their best endeavours to accomplish so desirable an object.

Article XI

This treaty, when the same shall have been ratified on both sides, without alteration by either of the contracting parties, and the ratifications mutually exchanged, shall be binding on both parties, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Washington, in the space of four months from this day, or sooner if practicable.

In faith whereof we, the respective Plenipotentiaries, have signed this treaty, and have thereunto affixed our seals.

Done, in triplicate, at Ghent, the twenty-fourth day of December, one thousand eight hundred and fourteen.

Gambier [L. S.]
Henry Goulburn [L. S.]
William Adams [L. S.]
John Quincy Adams [L. S.]
J. A. Bayard [L. S.]
H. Clay [L. S.]
Jona. Russell [L. S.]
Albert Gallatin [L. S.] 16

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Baltimore Goes With Gas Lights - 1817

Today in 1817, Baltimore became the first town in America to be lighted by gas, as officials inaugurated one lamp at the corner of Market and Lemon. A year later, 28 lamps lit up the town. Baltimore lamps were open flame until the lamp mantle was marketed in 1896. The last gas-lit American city, San Francisco, phased out her final lamps in 1930, but some parts of London are still lit by gas. At the corner of N. Holliday Street and E. Baltimore Street stands a monument to the first gas street lamp in the United States.

Historically the gas industry includes two chemically distinct flammable gasses. These are natural gas and several variations of manufactured coal gas. In the case of Baltimore, manufactured coal gas (up to the early 1900's referred to as "town gas"), was used. A number of towns on the Eastern Shore also used gas from coal. I can not recall what type of gas was used in Delmar when the gas lines were installed about 1920. Generally, manufactured coal gas is a rather simple process of heating coal, or other organic substance, produces a flammable gas. The resulting gas (a combination of carbon monoxide, hydrogen and other gasses depending upon the exact process) was stored in a "holder" or "gasometer" for later distribution. After gas lights took hold and the pipe lines were laid, consumers would used this gas as a fuel for heating and cooking from the late nineteenth through the mid-twentieth century in many locations where natural gas was unavailable. Today the sites of many coal based manufactured gas plants are view as hazard waste property.

Anyway the Gas Light Company of Baltimore (GLCB) was established on June 17, 1816. On February 17, 1817, the GLCB lit its first street lamp at Market and Lemon Streets. The Belvidere Theater located directly across the street from the gas works became the first building illuminated by GLCB, and J. T. Cohen who lived on North Charles Street owned the first private home lit by gas. The Gas Light Company of Baltimore was the first commercial gas light company in the United States. Other entrepreneurs soon thereafter formed gas light firms for their cities and towns. By 1850, about 50 urban areas in the United States had a manufactured gas works.

From the Chesapeake Utilities website
Chesapeake Utilities Corporation was formed in Delaware on November 12, 1947, and was soon comprised of three operating subsidiaries: Dover Gas Light Company, Citizens Gas Company, and Sussex Gas Company. The oldest of these entities was Dover Gas Light Company, chartered in 1850 but not operational until 1859. The company was owned by a Philadelphia businessman named Daniel Trump, who in October 1859 bought a 12,000-square-foot facility in Dover, Delaware, where he established the headquarters of Dover Gas Light. Like many gas companies of the era, it was established to provide street lighting, which was just starting to become widespread. Scientists had experimented throughout the 1700s with the concept of creating an illuminant from gas distilled from coal that had the potential to replace candles and oil lamps, but it was not until 1798 that the technology applied in a commercial way, when William Murdock distributed coal gas through pipes in the Boulton and Watt Soho Works in Birmingham, England. In 1807, Frederick Winsor used gas to light the Pall Mall section of London, and in 1812 he was granted a charter from Parliament to create The London and Westminster Chartered Gas Light and Coke Company. Paris had gas lights in 1816, and Vienna in 1818. The first gas streetlight company to be chartered in America was located in Baltimore in 1817, followed by Boston in 1822 and New York a year later. Dover Gas was one of the earlier gas light companies organized in the country.

At first Trump manufactured his gas using resin, which cost around $1.50 a barrel. A few years later, because of the Civil War, the price of resin reached an astounding $60 a barrel, forcing Trump to turn to coal-oil and wood as a substitute. He sold the business to Richardson and Robbins, a canning company, which resumed the use of resin before opting to employ the more popular method of coal gas. At this time in America, gas was still distributed by a multitude of small operators like Dover Gas, which manufactured their own product in local plants. Typically, coal gas was produced by reducing coal to coke in a retort house, then piping the product to another facility where it was purified by lime. The gas was then piped to a massive tank called a gasholder or "gasometer." This method of providing commercial gas would remain essentially unchanged until the 1930s, when advances in pipeline technologies began to make the use of natural gas practical. Dover Gas, in fact, would use its coal gas plant until the post-World War II era.

and from Pepco (PHI Holding co)
As part of its commitment to protecting the environment and being a good
neighbor to the communities it serves, PHI works hard to turn potential
environmental liabilities into clean and productive assets. PHI’s recent, widely
praised restoration of a “town gas” site on Maryland’s Eastern Shore is an
example of our success in this endeavor. As far back as the 1860s, a
manufactured gas plant operated on a tract of land in Cambridge, Md. Delmarva
Power now owns this land and began environmental remediation in the early
1990s, with the approval of the Maryland Department of the Environment. The
work involved the removal of old gas plant structures and tanks and
reinforcement of the bulkhead coal tar residue from reaching Cambridge Creek.
The environmental cleanup of this site was completed in fall 2008 with the
removal of 13,700 tons of material.

Tombstone Thursday

Maggie Lee Phillips Nov 8, 1882 to Feb 12, 1909 Hastings cemetery

The Delmar Alumni Association Blogs

The Delmar Alumni Association has started a blog. Great looking colors and design. They have just started so there are not many post on it but keep checking it.

You Have To Wonder At Times

Since I am someone who can't concentrate on any one thing it is not unexpected to find I doodle constantly. When I worked and the entity I was with would have department/team meetings my yellow tablet would usually have more doodles than notes. I think everyone does it, but I was surprised that in a society that has too many over educated people with nothing to do doodling now has a new name and is considered an art form. It is now called Zentangle. Not only has it got a fancy ass name but it is taught in art classes by "certified" Zentangle instructors and they have books out on Zentangle plus special art equipment. Way to much time on their hands and too much money to waste. I think there was a book out at one time called the "Dumbing Down Of America" and Zentangle should have a chapter in it. Here are a few examples at Zentangle and on youtube there are several videos such as The Art Of Zentangle

Wednesday, February 16, 2011

Sesquicentennial of the American Civil War

Okay besides the War Of 1812 I should also note that in 2011, states, cities, institutions and citizens across the United States of America will duly commemorate the 150th Anniversary of the start of the American Civil War (War of Northern Aggression). Let me say that I occasionally have post on the civil war but unlike other wars and undeclared wars posting anything about it is a can of worms. The reason for that is because there are so many civil war fanatics that truly dive deep into every battle, General, military unit, weapon, or any subject related the civil war, or the war of northern aggression, that there is nothing you can say that someone doesn't know more or have a different opinion. Pick a war like the Spanish American War or the War with Mexico and you are home free as no body knows anything about them - but don't do the American Civil war. While the Dustpan will proudly commemorate the 175th Anniversary of the War of Northern Aggression I doubt I will be postings a vast amount of material on it.

War of 1812 Eastern Shore

Shortly a great deal of news releases and events will take place for the 200 year Bicentennial celebration of the War of 1812. One website that has information on it is War of 1812 Eastern Shore

Their Mission:
To promote an understanding of, interest in and visits to the sites of the War of 1812 on the Eastern Shore. It is a Consortium of the five Upper Shore County Offices of Tourism to promote the education about and tourism for the coming Bicentennial of the War of 1812, especially as regard the activities that will be taking place here on the Shore.

The Five Upper Eastern Shore Counties are;
Queen Anne's

War of 1812 Eastern Shore Facebook page

Nylon Is Patented In 1937

Today Patent Number 2071250 issued February 16, 1937 to Wallace H. Carothers (assignor to E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company)for Linear Condensation Polymer. It was referred to as a superpolymer having unusual and valuable properties. We refer to it as Nylon 6-6 and nylon influenced this area for many years with the Nylon plant in Seaford.

Wallace Hume Carothers was an American chemist, inventor and a leader of organic chemistry. Altho brilliant he had a screwed up personal life. He lived in Arden, Delaware where many screwed up genius lived and still live. A combination of drinking, depression, affairs with married woman, death of his sister, marriage accumulated on April 28, 1937 when he checked into a Philadelphia hotel room and committed suicide by drinking a cocktail of lemon juice laced with potassium cyanide (He was known for carrying around potassium cyanide on his person).

A very interesting article about the Carothers, including his daughter Jane who was born 7 months after his death is here. She is now Jane Wylen liveing in New Smyrna Beach Florida at the time of this article (2008) .

The American Chemical Society designated the DuPont nylon plant at Seaford, Delaware, as a National Historic Chemical Landmark. The text of the plaque dedicated on October 26, 1995, reads:

At this site on December 15, 1939, DuPont began commercial production of nylon. Among the earliest successes of a fundamental research program novel in the American chemical industry, nylon was the first totally synthetic fiber to be fashioned into consumer products. Prepared wholly with materials readily derived from coal, air, and water, nylon has properties superior to its natural counterparts, such as silk. Nylon revolutionized the textile industry and led the way for a variety of synthetic materials that have had enormous social and economic impact on the fabric of everyday life worldwide.

120 bronze vases Stolen

I was reading the article in the News Journal about 120 bronze memorial vases from Gracelawn Memorial Park were removed. The cemetery is on U.S. 13 near New Castle, Delaware.

The article said bronze scrap is currently being bought for $2.35 to $2.45 per pound. I am not sure how much a bronze vase weights but certainly it must be between 2 to 3 pounds each. So these people made about $400 to $500 off them and for the families of grave with missing vases, they will pay about $120 for each bronze replacement vase. You would think a scrap dealer wouldn't take that type of thing but like doctors who hand out prescription drugs there is always someone who will do it.

Good Letter From Jeff Trader

I was reading the opinion page in the Daily Times this morning and I thought the piece by Jeff Trader of Pocomoke on handbags was particularly good. It is located here

Also since the Daily Times is now being printed in Wilmington does it seem to have more typo's in it?

Today's Quote

...why do you allow these men who are in power to rob you step by step, openly and in secret, of one domain of your rights after another, until one day nothing, nothing at all will be left but a mechanised state system presided over by criminals and drunks? Is your spirit already so crushed by abuse that you forget it is your right - or rather, your moral duty - to eliminate this system?

From Leaflet 3 of The White Rose (die Wei├če Rose) which was a non-violent/intellectual resistance group in Nazi Germany, consisting of students from the University of Munich and their philosophy professor. The White Rose group believed that the young people of Germany had the potential to overthrow Adolf Hitler and the Nazi government. In February 1943 three members were captured, put on trial and executed by guillotine.

Tuesday, February 15, 2011

Work Downtown Will Block Parking on Thursday and Friday


N. Pennsylvania Ave., Delmar, DE
Streetscape Project

Date: Thursday, February 17 & Friday, Feb. 18, 2011

To: The Delmar Downtown Business Community
From: Town of Delmar Administration
100 S. Pennsylvania Avenue
Delmar, MD 21875

The purpose of this Notice is to solicit your cooperation as well as inform you

that on Thursday, Feb. 17th, Stripe-A-Lot, contractor will be performing work on

the Westside of N. Pennsylvania Ave. between W. State and Grove Sts. to

remove and replace sections of concrete slabs as part of the Downtown

Streetscapes Project. The sidewalk will be blocked both day and night both days

until completion of the work. Parking spaces on the Westside of the Street will be

blocked during work hours both days until completion of the work. Please share

this Notice with your employees and customers to avoid their having to move

their car on the noted dates.

Should you have questions contact William Hardin, Community Development

Coordinator, Town Hall, Mon.– Fri., 8:00 am – 4:30 pm., 410-896-2777 ext. 103.

or the Municipal Clerk, ext. 102.

Thank you, your cooperation is appreciated in advance.

On Behalf of the Mayor & Town Administration

Millsboro Woman Charged in Ocean RV Embezzlement Case

issued by the Delaware State Police. Tuesday February 15, 2011 2:43 PM EST

Millsboro Woman Charged in Ocean RV Embezzlement Case

Location: Ocean RV, 30387 Cedar Neck Road, Ocean View, Delaware

DATE and TIME: January 2005 thru November 2010

Victim(s): Ocean RV

Defendant(s) Charge(s) and Bond Information: Virginia Bradshaw-49 Millsboro, De
Theft Where the Property Value is $ 100000 or More (Fraud)
Tamper With Public Records First Degree
Forgery 1st Degree/Alters Written Instrument of Another Person without Authority
Possession of Forgery Devices, Apparatus Capable to Adapting for Forgery
Falsifying Business Records by Omit to Make a True Entry in Business Record
Failure to File Return, Supply Information or Pay Tax

Released on $18,000 unsecured bond Resume:

Ocean View-Monday February 14, 2011 Delaware State Police concluded a 3 month investigation into an embezzlement case which led to the arrest of Virginia Bradshaw-49 of Millsboro.

The investigation began after the victim in March of 2010 was contacted by a representative of the Internal Revenue Service regarding unpaid employee taxes.
When the victim attempted to contact Bradshaw she left the business unexpectedly and did not return. The victim next contracted an outside accounting firm to review Ocean RV business records. The accounting firm discovered that Bradshaw created two business accounts consisting of actual business transactions and a second account containing fraudulent transactions.

State Police detectives learned that Bradshaw would write out checks to cash and fraudulently document its actual use into a business ledger. Bradshaw would also write out checks and deposit them into her personal account as well as creating multiple paychecks for herself during the same work period. Bradshaw is accused of embezzling over $100,000 over a span of five years. Bradshaw was a long time book keeper for Ocean RV.

Monday February 14th State Police charged Bradshaw with Theft, Tampering with Public Records, Forgery, Possession of Forgery Devices and filing a false tax return. After being arraigned Bradshaw was released on $18,000 unsecured bond.
For full details, go to

Farm To School Logo Winners - Delmar Tops It

Farm to School Logo Winners Announced
The Delaware Department of Agriculture and the Delaware Department of Education have jointly announced the winners of the “Farm to School Program Logo Contest.”

The first place logo, designed by Taylor Lucas of Delmar High School will be used on all marketing materials and advertising associated with the program. An award ceremony for all the winners will be held in April.

See all the winners and logos listed below:

First Place: Taylor Lucas, Delmar H.S., Grade: 12 above

Second Place: Adam Kelly, Sussex Tech, Grade: 10 Below

Third Place: Martina Major, Sussex Tech, Grade: 11 Below

Honorable Mention: Emily Davis, Delmar High School, Grade: 9 below

It is National Condom Week!!!!

The World War I Condom

Yes the same week as as Valentine's Day is also National Condom Week Lets hear it for condoms. Yeah!!! YEAH!!! YEAH!!!

So for the responsible remember "No glove, no love!"
Otherwise you end up having these two as a reminder you should have used one.

Light Bulbs and Choices

I was recently reading about the phase out of incandescent light bulbs. In order to force us to use compact fluorescent lamps (CFL) our government (the same one that says 10% ethanol in gas is good for us)passed a law in 2007 to have our country stop making and selling incandescent light bulbs. The 100 watt bulb will stop being sold in 2012, the 75 watt bulb in 2013 and the 60 and 45 watt bulb in 2014. By Jan. 1, 2014 the only incandescent light bulbs sold will be three-way bulbs, plant lights and appliance lamps.

Now the incandescent light bulb has been around for over 130 years. It was invented by an American, as we know. It is cheap, under a quarter a piece and is a no brainer when it comes to selecting one as there are only a few choices such as wattage, and type of light. It use to be “Made in America”.

But our government says it is an energy waster and by replacing it with CFLs we will correct a ton of energy related problems. Of course CFLs aren’t made in the United States they are made in China where cheap labor allows Chinese Glass blowers to make CFLs. The last major American company that made incandescent light bulbs was a GE factory in Winchester, Virginia. It closed in 2010, putting a number of workers, who made $30 an hour, in the unemployment line, but the Chinese are made happy and since they own us and our politicians I guess we should be happy to. After all if your master is doing well you can bask in his glory.

Now what has our government mandated we use? A device that has Mercury in it that if broken the EPA says: Jim Berlow, director of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Hazardous Waste Minimization and Management Division, recommends starting by opening the windows and stepping outside. "Any problems at all frequently are handled for the most part by quickly ventilating the room," he says. "Get all the people and pets out of the room for 15 minutes and let the room air out. If you have a central heating system or an HVAC [heating, ventilating and air-conditioning] system, you don't want it sucking the fumes around, so shut that down."

The important thing is not to touch the heavy metal. After airing out the room, the larger pieces of the bulb should be scooped off hard surfaces with stiff paper or cardboard or picked up off carpeted surfaces with gloves to avoid contact. Use sticky tape or duct tape to pick up smaller fragments; then, on hard surfaces, wipe down the area with a damp paper towel or a wet wipe. All materials should be placed in a sealable plastic bag or, even better, in a glass jar with a metal lid.

Now I have certainly broken them and all I did was sweep up the broken stuff and dump it in the trash which was sent to the landfill, the same thing all of us are going to do.

In addition; CFLs emit powerful electromagnetic fields (EMFs) close to the bulb. Studies by the French research entity CRIIREM, confirmed by the Flemish Institute for Technological Research, reveal a high level of EMF up to 3 feet away from the bulb. CRIIREM now has issued warnings not to use the bulbs as desk or reading light sources. In addition, EMFs can travel along electrical wiring in a house, exposing occupants to something called "dirty electricity" and increasing their risk of cancer.

Also; A third potential problem of using CFLs is that they give off UV-B and some slight amounts of UV-C radiation. UV-B radiation is harmful to skin and eyes. UV-C radiation, not usually seen because it is completely absorbed on its way through the atmosphere, is more harmful than UV-B radiation. A report in the medical journal The Lancet stated that these types of radiation increase the risk for skin cancer and other problems for those with skin conditions and hypersensitivity to light. However, so-called "double-envelope" CFLs (those with an outer layer of glass instead of just the fluorescent tubes) prevent most or all of this radiation from escaping. Because single-envelope CFLs cost less, people might be more inclined to buy them instead of the safer, "double-envelope" ones.

And if that was not bad enough some research indicates that migraines can be triggered by CFLs because of flicker in aging bulbs. Additionally, toxic flame-retardant chemicals used in CFL electronic circuits can harm systems in the body. Some CFLs are coated with titanium dioxide, which is made up of nano-particles that have been implicated in tissue inflammation and cardiovascular abnormalities. Finally, the blue light given off by CFLs can inhibit melatonin production, leading to sleep disruption, cancer and other health problems.

It reminds me of when I was in elementary school and my teachers use to tell us to read with a regular light bulb (incandescent) not a fluorescent light as it would hurt your eyes - maybe more - maybe those people knew something even back in the 1950's.

So lets see what our Government has given us; unemployment, a higher priced alternative to incandescent light bulbs, mercury in the landfill, electromagnetic fields, increase risk for skin, etc. I tell you much like the United States was in the 1950’s when you are a leading power, in this case China, you force weaker nations (USA) to do what you tell them regardless of the health and economy effects on their people.

I guess what I hate most about this is the lack of a choice in buying CFLs or incandescent light bulbs,. Me, I plan to buy and hoard incandescent light bulbs.

Monday, February 14, 2011

Delmar Budget Workshop

Next week, on Wednesday the 23rd from 6 P. M. to 9 P.M., will be the first of a series of budget workshops. Once again the Town of Delmar is preparing the budget for the Town of Delmar Delaware, the Town of Delmar Maryland and the Utility Budget. The public is invited to the meeting but they are not allowed to comment - only observe. If you have any budget comments please address them to your Mayor or council people before or after the meeting or email the town manager. You can have an input, just not during the workshop. Now would be the time to give them your input - don't wait until May when they are approving the budget in the joint council meeting. If the workshops end up producing higher taxes in the budget you have no one to blame but yourself for not speaking up before the budget is approved.

The High School Talent Show Is Almost Here

The SGA is presenting the annual Talent Show on Friday, February 18th at 7pm in the Delmar High school auditorium.

Frederick Douglass Was Born today in 1818

I prayed for twenty years but received no answer until I prayed with my legs.
Frederick Douglass

February 14, 1818 - Abolitionist Frederick Douglass born a slave at Holmes Hill Farm, near Easton, Maryland.

A little learning, indeed, may be a dangerous thing, but the want of learning is a calamity to any people.
Frederick Douglass

Big Weekend at the Flea Market

With the slightly warmer temperature I had a desire to go to Laurel Junction (Bargin Bill's) flea market and look for treasures. There was not much outside, only a few tables set up - but inside it was crowded. My neighbor who runs "Magic Of Memories" there said it was her best weekend since the summer. So yardsale season and flea markets are just around the corner.

Motivation Monday

Delmar Little League Sign Up and Registration

click to enlarge

Back To The 1970's - The Hawk

Those who read this blog are aware I attended The University of Maryland, Eastern Shore (UMES) in Princess Anne, MD. in the 1970's. It was, and still is, a predominately black school. Not unexpectedly there was a great deal of slang used among the students. One expression used was "the hawk is going to get you". This was used when ever there was bad weather - usually rain with high winds. Well living in my white world I never thought to much about it and to show I am a cool hip type of white person have used the expression occasionally thru out the years. The result is usually someone just staring at me uncomprehending what I am saying. Happily I am use to that. While looking at another blog "Cave Dwellings" (on the side bar) I noticed she used the expression (she is another old white person). So I had to google the expression and what I found (Everything is on the internet - may not be true but everything is out there) was a whole webpage on The Hawk” or Hawkins (strong cold winter wind) - amazing. For those who have some odd interest in this the webpage is here.